Ancient iron tools made by the Kushites’ ironworkers.
After the Egyptians invaded Kush again their old capital, Napata, was destroyed. The capital of Meroë sat between the Red Sea and the Nile River. It was safely out of Egypt’s reach. Meroë’s location helped Kush remain a very important center for trade. Traders used the Nile, the Red Sea, and overland routes to transport goods. Kush traded with many lands, near and far.
Meroë was a large and wealthy city. It became the center of Kushite civilization. The city thrived as a great center of industry as well as culture. It became especially known for iron. They also had many forests that could be used to make charcoal. Because the Assyrians had defeated them with the advantage of iron weapons, the Kushites were determined to make iron weapons. Meroë had a very rich supply of iron deposits.
The charcoal was used to heat the iron deposits. Once the hot iron was separated from the rock, it was cooled in the Nile’s waters. Ironworkers in Kush were very experienced. They crafted many weapons that helped them to win battles. Also, they made tools to make farming easier such as the hoe and the ax.
Meroë helped Kush to become a very advanced civilization.